What is the ventral surface?

Ventral: Pertaining to the front or anterior of any structure. The ventral surfaces of the body include the chest, abdomen, shins, palms, and soles. Ventral is as opposed to dorsal. From the Latin “venter” meaning belly.

Also to know is, what is the ventral surface of the heart?

Ventral refers to the front side of an organ, or that part of the organ that is facing front. The right ventricle faces forward toward the sternum which lies exterior to the heart, and so constitutes the ventral surface of the heart.

What is the dorsal surface of hand?

Surface anatomy of the left hand. A is the dorsum of the left hand, and B is the palm of the left hand. The skin of the palmar surface of the hand is unique, with characteristics for special function. The palmar skin is thick and glabrous and not as pliable as the dorsal skin.

What is the bottom part of the tongue called?

The frenulum of tongue or tongue web (also lingual frenulum or frenulum linguæ; also fraenulum) is a small fold of mucous membrane extending from the floor of the mouth to the midline of the underside of the tongue.

What is the meaning of ventral side?

In directional terms, the ventral side is the area forward from (or under) the spinal cord. The word comes from the Latin noun venter, which meant “belly,” which lent its meaning to ventrālis, which referred to anything pertaining to the belly area.

What is the difference between the dorsal and ventral side?

Dorsal and ventral. The dorsal (from Latin dorsum, meaning ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter, meaning ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

What is the ventral position?

Ventral is a term of location used in anatomy which means the anterior part of the body (front/belly) and dorsal means the posterior part (back). image source.

Are anterior and ventral the same?

In humans, ventral and anterior, dorsal and posterior are interchangeable because we walk upright, or bipedal. Anatomists, when considering the human body, refer to the head as superior, toward the feet as inferior, the front of the body as anterior or ventral and the back of the body as posterior or dorsal.

What is in the ventral cavity?

The ventral body cavity is a human body cavity that is in the anterior (front) aspect of the human body. It is made up of the thoracic cavity, and the abdominopelvic cavity. The abdominopelvic cavity is further divided into the abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity, but there is no physical barrier between the two.

What is the ventral surface in quadruped animals?

the abdominopelvic cavity is (inferior) to the thoracic cavity and (anterior) to the spinal cavity. in humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the (ventral) surface; however in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the (posterior) surface.

Which side of the heart is the ventral side?

The front of the heart is recognized by a groove that extends from the right side of the broad end of the heart diagonally to a point above & to your left of the apex. 1. Locate the following chambers of the heart from this surface: Left atria – upper chamber to your right.

What is proximal and distal?

Proximal then refers to something closer to the torso while distal refers to parts and places away from the torso. So a finger is distal to the wrist, which is distal to the elbow, which is distal to the shoulder.

What does ventral mean in medical terms?

Ventral: Pertaining to the front or anterior of any structure. The ventral surfaces of the body include the chest, abdomen, shins, palms, and soles. Ventral is as opposed to dorsal. From the Latin “venter” meaning belly.

What is the meaning of proximal and distal?

Something that is proximal is situated closest to the point of attachment or origin. In medicine, it means closest to the center of the body. The opposite of proximal is distal and these terms are also used in geology.

What is the proper name of fatty tissue?

Adipose tissue, or fat, is an anatomical term for loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes. Its main role is to store energy in the form of fat, although it also cushions and insulates the body.

What is the difference between the anterior and posterior?

Ventral and Dorsal are the Latin terms for Anterior and Posterior. Ventral = Anterior, or the front of the body. Dorsal = Posterior, or the back of the body.

What is the opposite of medial?

Medial means toward the middle or center. It is the opposite of lateral. The term is used to describe general positions of body parts. For example, the chest is medial to the arm.

What is the anterior and posterior?

Recall that the word anterior means that something is towards the front of the body, while the word posterior means that something is towards the back of the body. We also have the term superior, which means towards the head or above something and the word inferior, which means towards the feet or below something.

What is to dorsal?

Dorsal: Relating to the back or posterior of a structure. As opposed to the ventral, or front, of the structure. Some of the dorsal surfaces of the body are the back, buttocks, calves, and the knuckle side of the hand.

What is the definition of anterior in anatomy?

medical Definition of anterior. 1 : relating to or situated near or toward the head or toward the part in headless animals most nearly corresponding to the head. 2 : situated toward the front of the body : ventral —used in human anatomy because of the upright posture of humans.

What do the terms anterior and posterior mean in anatomy?

Cranial and caudal have the same meaning as superior and inferior, respectively, but are used in reference to animal, rather than human, anatomy. Anterior and Posterior. Anterior refers to the side of the body facing up in the standard anatomical position. Posterior refers to the bottom side.

What is proximal in anatomy?

Medical Definition of Proximal. Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proximal end of the femur is part of the hip joint, and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The opposite of proximal is distal.

How do you know which side of a worm is the dorsal side?

Place earthworm in the dissecting tray & rinse off the excess preservative. Identify the dorsal side, which is the worm’s rounded top, and the ventral side, which is its flattened bottom. Turn the worm ventral side up, as shown in the diagram below. 3.

What is a horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions?

Axial Plane (Transverse Plane) – A horizontal plane; divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts. Median plane – Sagittal plane through the midline of the body; divides the body or any of its parts into right and left halves.