When the power factor is 1, all the energy supplied by the source is consumed by the load. Power factors are usually stated as “leading” or “lagging” to show the sign of the phase angle. Capacitive loads are leading (current leads voltage), and inductive loads are lagging (current lags voltage).
What is the significance of the power factor?
Importance of Power Factor. A power factor of one or “unity power factor” is the goal of any electric utility company since if the power factor is less than one, they have to supply more current to the user for a given amount of power use. In so doing, they incur more line losses.
What is meant by inductive load?
Inductive loads: Resist changes in current and as such, when you measure the current, it lags (is behind) the voltage. Electromagnetic fields are the key to inductive loads, and as such all motors (fans, pumps, etc), solenoids, and relays are inductive in nature. Inductance is measured in Henrys.