The Eastern Woodlands Indians developed myriad ways of using natural resources year-round. Materials ranged from wood, vegetable fiber, and animal hides to copper, shells, stones, and bones. Most of the Eastern Woodlands Indians relied on agriculture, cultivating the “three sisters”—corn, beans, and squash.
Also asked, what Native American tribes lived in the eastern woodlands?
They lived in the forests near lakes or streams, which is why they’re called Eastern Woodland Indians. Their food, shelter, clothing, weapons and tools came from the forest. The Iroquois, Mound Builders, Algonquian and Shawnee are a few Woodland tribes.
What are the tribes of the Eastern Woodlands name?
For individual treatment of specific tribes, see Abenaki; Apalachee; Catawba; Cayuga; Cherokee; Chickasaw; Chitimacha; Choctaw; Creek; Delaware; Erie; Ho-Chunk; Huron; Illinois; Kickapoo; Malecite; Massachuset; Menominee; Miami; Mohawk; Mohegan; Mohican; Montauk; Narraganset; Nauset; Neutral; Niantic; Nipmuc; Ojibwa;
What did the Eastern Woodlands Native Americans live in?
Because these Indians lived in the forests, they were called the Eastern Woodland Indians. Their food, shelter, clothing, weapons, and tools came from the forests around them. They lived in villages near a lake or stream. The Woodland Indians lived in wigwams and longhouses.
How big is a wigwam?
Gather some fresh flexible saplings (at least 25-30); their length depends on how big you want your wigwam to be, in this example 14 feet in diameter and 7 feet high. So your sapling poles should be about 12-15 feet long.
How did the Iroquois get their food?
The Iroquois ate a variety of foods. They grew crops such as corn, beans, and squash. These three main crops were called the “Three Sisters” and were usually grown together. Women generally farmed the fields and cooked the meals.
What is the definition of the Eastern woodlands?
Eastern Woodlands culture, term used to refer to Native American societies inhabiting the eastern United States. The earliest Woodland groups were the Adena and Hopewell, who lived in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys between 800 BC and AD 800.
What was the longhouse made out of?
The frames of the longhouses were made with poles which were covered with bark that was cut into rectangular slabs. A variety of different trees were used to build a longhouse, depending on the tree’s strength, flexibility and resistance to decay. The roof of a typical Iroquois longhouse was rounded rather than peaked.
What is the weather in the eastern woodlands?
In East Woodlands, the climate is warm and temperate. The rainfall in East Woodlands is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. In East Woodlands, the average annual temperature is 9.1 °C. About 807 mm of precipitation falls annually.
How did the Eastern woodlands get their food?
They hunted bear, moose and bison, and were effective fishermen. They also ate beavers, raccoons, rabbits, corn, beans and berries. Woodland Indians grew squash, pumpkins and melons. Tribes in the Great Lakes Area ate a lot of rice.
Where did the Algonquian live?
The Algonquins are original natives of southern Quebec and eastern Ontario, in Canada. Today they live in nine communities in Quebec and one in Ontario. Here is a map showing the location of the Algonquin and their relatives.
Which culture group lived in the Northwest Coast region?
The peoples of the Northwest Coast spoke a number of North American Indian languages. From north to south the following linguistic divisions occurred: Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, northern Kwakiutl, Bella Coola, southern Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka), Coast Salish, Quileute-Chimakum, Kwalhioqua, and Chinook.
What is the League of the Iroquois?
The five Iroquois nations, characterizing themselves as “the people of the longhouse,” were the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca. After the Tuscarora joined in 1722, the confederacy became known to the English as the Six Nations and was recognized as such at Albany, New York (1722).
What is a wigwam made out of?
wigwam. wigwam Shelter used by Native North Americans of the Eastern Woodlands culture. Wigwams were made from bark, reed mats or thatch, spread over a pole frame. They should not be confused with the conical, skin-covered tepees of the Native Americans of the Plains.
Where do most of the Iroquois live today?
The Seneca are a Native American people, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois League. About 10,000 Seneca Indians live in the United States and Canada, primarily on reservations in western New York state, with others living in Oklahoma and near Brantford, Ontario.
How did the Iroquois get their name?
Iroquois is an easily recognized name, but like the names of many tribes, it was given them by their enemies. The Algonquin called them the Iroqu (Irinakhoiw) “rattlesnakes.” The Iroquois call themselves Haudenosaunee meaning “people of the long house.”
What are the Iroquois best known for?
The Iroquoi Tribes, also known as the Haudenosuanee, are known for many things. But they are best known for their longhouses. Each longhouse was home to many members of a Haudenosuanee family. The longhouse was the center of Iroquois life.
What was the religion of the Iroquois?
Religion and Expressive Culture. Religious Beliefs. The supernatural world of the Iroquois included numerous deities, the most important of which was Great Spirit, who was responsible for the creation of human beings, the plants and animals, and the forces of good in nature.
What did the Iroquois call themselves?
The Iroquois tribes originally called their confederacy Kanonsionni, which means “people of the longhouse.” Today they call themselves the Haudenosaunee or Six Nations. There were five tribes in the original Iroquois Confederacy: the Mohawk, Seneca, Oneida, Onondaga, and Cayuga tribes.
What did the Iroquois people hunt?
They hunted foxes, wolves, and porcupines. They hunted deer and bison too and weird fish. The Iroquois were very smart when it came to traps. The Iroquois made all sorts of traps one of them was a small snare trap.